Natural Remedies for Bed Bug Elimination: A Homeowner’s Guide ( follow at own risk )

Bed bugs, those persistent and unwelcome guests, have a knack for invading our living spaces and causing distress. While professional pest control methods are often recommended for eradicating bed bug infestations, many homeowners seek natural alternatives to address these pests. In this article, we explore effective home remedies to get rid of bed bugs naturally, providing you with a range of options to consider.

Understanding Bed Bugs: A Brief Recap

Before delving into the remedies, it’s important to refresh our understanding of bed bugs. These small, reddish-brown insects feed on the blood of humans and animals, primarily at night. Their flattened bodies and ability to hide in cracks and crevices make them challenging to detect and eliminate.

Natural Remedies for Bed Bug Elimination

Steam Treatment:
Steam can be highly effective in killing bed bugs and their eggs. High-temperature steam (above 160°F or 71°C) penetrates into hiding spots, causing the insects to die due to heat exposure. A steam cleaner with a nozzle attachment can be used to treat areas such as mattresses, furniture, and cracks in walls.

Diatomaceous Earth:
Diatomaceous earth is a natural powder made from the fossilized remains of diatoms. It works by dehydrating insects upon contact. Sprinkle food-grade diatomaceous earth in areas where bed bugs are suspected, such as around bed legs, cracks, and crevices. Be cautious not to inhale the dust while applying.

Essential Oils:
Certain essential oils have been found to repel and kill bed bugs due to their strong odors and insecticidal properties. Oils such as lavender, tea tree, peppermint, and eucalyptus can be diluted with water and sprayed in infested areas. However, it’s important to note that the efficacy of essential oils varies, and they may not eliminate an entire infestation.

Lavender and Mint Leaves:
The scent of lavender and mint leaves is known to repel bed bugs. Placing sachets of dried lavender or mint leaves around your bed or infested areas can help deter these pests. Additionally, washing your bedding with lavender-scented detergent may discourage bed bugs from taking up residence.

Washing and Heat Drying:
Infested clothing, bedding, and other fabric items can be laundered in hot water (above 122°F or 50°C) to kill bed bugs and their eggs. After washing, dry the items on high heat for at least 30 minutes to ensure all life stages are eliminated.

Extremely cold temperatures can also kill bed bugs. Items that can be safely frozen, such as stuffed animals, shoes, and clothing, can be placed in the freezer for several days. However, freezing may not be as effective as heat treatments for larger items and infested areas.

Regular vacuuming can help reduce the number of bed bugs and their eggs. Focus on vacuuming around seams, cracks, and crevices in mattresses, furniture, and flooring. Immediately dispose of the vacuum bag in an outdoor trash container.

Baking Soda:
Baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate, can be applied to infested areas to help dehydrate bed bugs. While it may not provide complete elimination, it can contribute to managing the infestation.

Silica Gel:
Silica gel, commonly found in packets used to absorb moisture, can also help dehydrate bed bugs. Place these packets near infested areas, but be cautious around pets and children to prevent accidental ingestion.

White vinegar is believed to have some repellant properties for bed bugs. You can mix white vinegar with water and spray it on infested areas. However, its effectiveness may be limited, and the strong smell may not be desirable.

Considerations and Limitations

While natural remedies offer a more eco-friendly and non-toxic approach to bed bug elimination, there are important considerations and limitations to keep in mind:

Comprehensive Treatment: Natural remedies may not completely eliminate a bed bug infestation, especially if it’s extensive. An integrated approach that combines natural remedies with professional assistance may be necessary.

Efficacy: The effectiveness of natural remedies can vary based on factors such as the extent of the infestation, the type of remedy used, and the specific conditions in your home.

Consistency: Natural remedies often require repeated and consistent application to achieve meaningful results. Patience and persistence are key when using these methods.

Professional Help: If your infestation is severe or persistent, seeking the assistance of professional pest control experts is recommended. They have the knowledge and tools to effectively address bed bug infestations.


Natural remedies for bed bug elimination offer homeowners a less toxic and environmentally friendly option to tackle these pests. While these remedies can help reduce the population of bed bugs and their eggs, they may not provide a complete solution for severe infestations. Combining natural remedies with thorough cleaning, regular inspections, and professional pest control assistance is often the most effective approach. By integrating these methods, you can create a more comfortable and bed bug-free living environment for you and your family.